What is horse dentistry?
Horse dentistry is the anatomical alignment of the occlusal surface, by the adjustment of excessive enamel folds to provide guidance and stability to the temporo mandibular joint (TMJ). This allows for maximum lateral motion and anterior/posterior motion of the mandible to give the horse optimal neurological, proprioceptive and physical performance.
What that means:
By adjusting any restrictions in the horse's dentition, the horse gains a complete and natural movement of the jaw (side to side, forward and back). This balances the TMJ and maximizes surface-to-surface contact between teeth, which allows for full neurological and proprioceptive function to the horse's whole body.
Why horse dentistry?
Horses have between 36-40 teeth that never stop erupting (growing). Horses teeth are directly connected to their posture, and more specifically head and neck posture. As a result, any imbalances in their dentition can cause huge problems throughout their whole body.
For horses to perform at their highest potential they need to have optimum neurological function.
By adjusting the excessive enamel on the teeth, we balance and stabilize the TMJ. That, in turn, creates a complete neurological connection to the body, which increases muscle mass, stride length, and flexibility, along with improving posture and over all performance. This is called Neuromuscular Horse Dentistry, and makes for some very happy horses!
Check out this article by Dr. Rhiannon Fenton (DVM, CAC, CVA, CVFT) that appeared in the June/July 2016 edition of Holistic Horse Magazine.
How can it help?
Natural Balance dentistry can help all horses in all disciplines, from international competitors to pasture ornaments! Depending on the severity of their imbalances, it may effect different horses in different ways. What you may think is a small imbalance, may be very big to them!
Here are a few signs your horse might have a dental imbalance:
- Weak topline
- Can't stand square
- Has trouble engaging hind quarters
- Has trouble turning in one direction
- Is not flexible
- Wears hooves unevenly
- Uneven muscle tone
- Osteopath and Chiropractic adjustments don't "stick"
- Recurring lameness
- Dull coat
- Very spooky
- Doesn't like face being touched
- Dragging hooves
- Tripping excessively
- Grinding teeth
- Stiffness throughout body
- Any many more...
Why do you address incisors?
Incisors are the point of beginning and the most important part of a horse's dentition. They support and guide the TMJ, which in turn dictates how a horse will move and stand.
It is important that the incisors be balanced for each individual horse. Just making them straight, won't actually balance the horse. The horse's individual structure must be taken into consideration, and the teeth balanced accordingly.
When the incisors allow for complete lateral motion and anterior/posterior motion, the horse's whole body will also have a full range of motion!
Isn't it easier to power float?
Maybe. But the repercussions are not worth it.
Power floating is the use of a rotating blade or disk on the end of a drill to file horses' teeth. Although many choose to use this method, we don't. Here's why:
Equine power instruments are not as advanced as the ones used in human dentistry. They spin at a much slower RPM, which heats up the tooth and makes it brittle.
It is very difficult to make minor adjustments. By changing too much too fast, you can cause long term neurological damage.
More sedation is used, which makes the horse stand in an unnatural position. Therefore, their teeth will be balanced in an unnatural position.
For more info on the effects of power floating, read this article: Power floating and equine dentistry
Do you sedate?
No. We are not vets so we are not certified to use any IV sedation.
Fortunately there are other options! A lot of horses don't need sedation, making this a non-issue. For those who do, we often use essential oils, cranial sacral releases, as well as calming products that are available to horse owners themselves. There is always the option of working with a vet as well.
Where did you go to school?
The Center for Neuromuscular Horse Dentistry, founded by Spencer Laflure.
What can you do for my 20+ year old horse?
There are lots of things you can do to help the senior citizens of the horse world! Floating their teeth might not one of them!
From the age of 20-25 and up, a horse's body and joints have are starting to take a permanent position, and the eruption rate of their teeth has slowed to only 1mm per year. Whatever imbalances the horse has, are what is supporting the TMJ, and whatever teeth they have left we want to keep for as long as possible. By changing anything in their dentition, we could cause gaps in occlusion, neurological imbalances, muscle soreness and even dislocation of joints in extreme cases.
It is still important to have a dental check up! As horses get older their teeth will slowly expire. As this is happening, some teeth might become loose which makes them sensitive while the horse chews. Sometimes all these teeth need are a little encouragement to fall out and it will give the horse a ton of relief!
Once a horse starts losing teeth, it is possible that the remaining teeth will erupt into the gum on the opposing arcade. If there is a tooth causing tissue damage, this is the only time when we will work on an old horse.
Bodywork and feed changes are also something that can greatly help a senior horse! Dentists can give you recommendations on what will benefit your horse the most!
Wild horses don't get dental work?
That's true. Here are a few reasons why:
Wild, or feral, horses eat with their head in a lowered position (grazing) for an average of 20 hours a day. During that time their jaw is in a natural position, and they are chewing, which helps naturally wear their teeth.
Unlike the hay we feed domesticated horses, the grasses they eat are high in silica. This is a natural abrasive, which also helps in the wearing of teeth, and reducing dental imbalances.
Natural selection. Horses that are not structurally sound, or balanced will have dental imbalances. In the wild such horses will not live long, therefore they will not reproduce.
Most wild horses are never asked to jump a 5 foot fence, spin on a dime, extend their trot, preform sliding stops, turn barrels at high speeds, move laterally over a poll, or walk on a moving bridge. And they are definitely not asked to do that in a high stress environment while remaining completely collected and listening to every move made by their rider.
Will my horse eat better?
Of course. But we would like you to focus on the fact that your horse will MOVE better, have improved posture and gain muscle mass!
What age is recommended to start dentistry?
Horses start shedding teeth at 2 years old. From then until they are 5 years old their dentition is in a constant state of change.
It is recommended to start dentistry around 3 years of age, because by that time the sutures in the skull have ossified. Dental check-ups are still a good idea at a younger age to make sure that they shed teeth properly and that there are no retained caps.
Starting dentistry with your horse between the ages of 3-6 is a great way to set them up to be balanced over a long period of time. Regular dentistry will also decrease the chance of injury and heath problems, as well as making training easier throughout their life.
Teeth effect the body?
Yes! They play a huge roll in posture and movement.
The teeth are what balance and guide the head and neck posture, which in turn effects the entire neuromuscular system. This starts with the TMJ, hyoid, and is followed by the rest of the body.
Correct posture allows muscles to relax, there for strengthening a horses neuromuscular response. Proprioceptors such as muscles spindles and Golgi tendon organs will be able to function properly in relaxed muscles, and tendons that are not strained due to poor posture.
By having full anterior / posterior motion of the jaw, the horse can release at the poll, lift through their back and come underneath themselves in the hind end.
Without a free range of motion of the jaw, and if dealing with malocclusion the horse will be forced to function in the sympathetic nervous system, meaning they with be forced to function in flight or fight mode. By removing these restrictions the horse we be able to function in the para-sympathetic nervous system where they can relax and learn.
All cranial nerves go through or beside the TMJ (temporo mandibular joint). The TMJ is the motherboard of proprioception, which is what tells a horse where they are in space and time, what foot to move when, etc.
Beginning with incisors and balancing all dentition to be anatomically correct to the individual is of upmost importance for correct posture.
Here are a few links that go more in depth on proprioception and the neurological effects of the teeth:
This is an equine acupuncture meridian chart. A meridian is a pathway of energy in the body, and can also be referred to as a circulatory system connecting the whole horse. This is another form of guidance to the equine body that is connected to their teeth.
As seen in this picture, most meridian pathways start or pass by the TMJ. The teeth are directly connected to acupuncture meridians. Check out the meridian tooth relationship in the article by Dr. Rhiannon Fenton (DVM, CAC, CVA, CVFT)
Traduction par: Symphonie Nadeau